Discussion assignment Unit 2
1. Which biodiversity hotspot did you choose to write about? (Give the name)
I write about the Caucasus hotspot.
2. Where is it located? (Give the world, region, and country)
The Caucasus hotspot is located between Europe and Asia.
3. What are two important species (give common and scientific names) that live there? Why are they important?
Important species are the Caucasian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) and the European bison (bison bonasus). The leopard is important for the ecosystem because he controls with his hunt the baboon population. Because he has a large territory he disperses seeds in his territory (Hunt, 2011).
Also, the leopard controls the population of other species.
4. What is one endangered species (give common and scientific name) that lives there? Why is it endangered?
The most endangered species in Caucasus is the Caucasian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor). The last red list assessment classified the species in 2008 as “Near Threatened” – NT. Some cultures like China, using parts of leopard for medicine.
A big problem is also, trophy hunting and wildering of the leopard in many countries, also the Caucasus region. Trophy hunting is poorly managed by the government of many countries. It is a high risk for the species (Stein, Athreya, Gerngross, Balme, Henschel, Karanth, Miquelle, Rostro, S. & Kamler, J. and Laguardia, 2016).
5. List three other interesting facts that you have learned about this place.
The Caucasus has about 1600 different endemic plants over 532658 square kilometers. About is big range and different climate zones with mountains it has a lot of different species and habits. (Caucasus, 2016).
6. List one thing you feel could be done to help save it.
The protected zone is only 42721 square kilometers, maybe the range should be extended. Also, the government should take action about trophy hunting. The governments should work together to protect the species in the area. The governments should employ rangers to protect the zone and fight against wilderness.
Hunt, A. 2011. “Panthera pardus” (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed November 18, 2016 at http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Panthera_pardus/
Stein, A.B., Athreya, V., Gerngross, P., Balme, G., Henschel, P., Karanth, U., Miquelle, D., Rostro, S. & Kamler, J.F. and Laguardia, A. 2016. Panthera pardus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T15954A50659089. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T15954A50659089.en. Downloaded on 18 November 2016.
Caucasus. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://www.cepf.net/resources/hotspots/Europe-and-Central-Asia/Pages/Caucasus.aspx